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The Village > Popular Architecture
 
Neo Chorio is a traditional village in Paphos. It is situated on the western part of the island and it is related with Akamas since the older times. The central road that cuts across the village, leads to Akamas through the houses, the fields and the kraals of the inhabitants.

Single floor and two floor houses dominate the architecture of the village. They are built with limestones, extracted from the area, and loose stones, and they are binded with clay. The stones are quite big, rounded and the loose stones are big pieces on the same stone (brick).

The single floor houses have a characteristic projection (created by a stone) in order to remove the rainwater.

The two floor houses have external stone stairs that lead to a wooden balcony.

The yards of the houses are usually paved with slabs. They have a traditional mud oven and a shelter (“statzia”) for the outdoor works of the people. Tall, stone made walls with wooden traditional door surround the yards, either with a transom or a stone made door with arches and carven stones.

The rooms of the house are small and long. In the rich houses, the central space, called “the palace”, has a stone made carved arch or a central wooden pile, which supports the big wooden beam on which stand some big woods, called “volitzia”. Sometimes there is a half beam, called “mesodotzi” with “males” (woods forming an angle of 45? for better support of the beam). Reeds are put on the “volitzia” and they are tied with rope or branches. Firstly, they put the “mersinia” (a kind of plant) and the savory, which are thermal insulants and also waterproof, with earth at the top. The earth is cylindered and it becomes a uniform mass. On many walls, they put rounded stones with two holes, where they fit wood in order to cylinder the earth.

The floors are made with stone slabs, like those used in the yard, or plaster marbles in different dimensions, rectangular or square.

Usually, the inner walls of the house were covered with plaster because it was easier to clean and furthermore the house seemed more luminous. The windows and doors are small and wooden, to protect the inside from the hot or cold weather.

All the houses have a fireplace for the heating of the people during the winter, but it was used also for cooking.

Lately, some of the houses in the village were restored. The state gives a special benefit for the restoration of the traditional houses. The financing reaches the 50% of the total cost of the repairs. Scheduled buildings are considered those that have not been modified through time and preserve some basic characteristics, such as the stone made walls, the wooden stairs, the traditional mud ovens etc. For the financing of the repairs, there are some arrangements, to be done in corporation with the town planning section which is responsible to decide whether it should support the restoration or not.